Visual Arts

Content Standards for Visual Arts with Performance Indicators for Grades K-12
Students recognize and use the visual arts as a form of communication  

  • Create works of art commemorating personal events
  • Explain how a work of art makes them feel
  • Make purposeful marks which are meaningful and expressive
  • Understand the dynamic connections between visual and literary arts
  • Identify and interpret visual images, themes, and ideas in works of art
  • Select and use visual images, themes, and ideas to communicate meaning

Students know and apply elements of art, principles of design, and sensory and expressive features of visual arts

  • Identify elements of art and principles of design in works of art (Elements: line, shape, form, texture, color, space, and value/ Principles: rhythm, unity, variety, emphasis, contrast, pattern, balance, and movement)
  • Investigate and describe the sensory and expressive features of works of art (use the 5 senses and human emotion to understand art)
  • Apply the use of elements of art and principles of design in the creation of personal works of art

Students know and apply visual arts materials, tools, techniques, and processes

  • Identify and describe different materials, tools, techniques, and processes used in works of art
  • Construct a variety of three-dimensional forms
  • Experience a variety of techniques and processes, to include: handbuilding with clay, printmaking, weaving, painting, drawing, sculpting, collage and assemblage, and graphic arts
  • Be responsible for the safe and appropriate use of tools and materials
  • Explore the use and qualities of clay, paints, papers, textiles, crayon, markers, colored pencils, ink, metal, pastels, digital images, adhesives, found objects, and organic materials

Students relate the visual arts to various historical and cultural traditions

  • Identify works of art as belonging to various cultures, times, and themes
  • Use historical and cultural themes as a basis for creating art
  • Appreciate common threads between cultures and generations that reveal our shared human community
  • Distinguish the roles of artists in communities

Students analyze and evaluate the characteristics, merits, and meaning of works of art 

  • Share personal opinions about what art is and what purpose art serves
  • Use selected criteria as the basis of making  judgments about works of art
  • Analyze and interpret possible meanings of works of art

Students know and apply connections between the visual arts and other disciplines 

  • Experience connections between art, music, dance, drama, and creative writing
  • Synthesize knowledge gained from the various perspectives inherent to other content areas
  • Create works of art to extend learning and demonstrate knowledge in a variety of content areas
  • Recognize possibilities for art in the world of work and life

Students develop the practices that nurture the creative process

  • Achieve personal growth through experimentation, risk-taking, and extended independent learning
  • Begin a collection of personal works of art, including preservation, display, and reflection
  • Become comfortable with problem solving as a necessary component of the creative process
  • Become aware of the presence of the visual arts in their own homes, communities, and surrounding communities
  • Produce ideas using fluency, flexibility, originality, and elaboration
  • Respect their own thinking, working, and expression, and respect the creativity of others


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